DEFENSE MINISTRY TESTED A UNIFIED INTEGRATED AIR DEFENSE SYSTEM

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COMMAND OF THE AIRSPACE FORCES AND NATIONAL DEFENSE MANAGEMENT CENTER PROTECTED THE CAUCASUS AND CRIMEA FROM STRIKE OF A CONVENTIONAL ENEMY
COMMAND OF THE AIRSPACE FORCES AND NATIONAL DEFENSE MANAGEMENT CENTER PROTECTED THE CAUCASUS AND CRIMEA FROM STRIKE OF A CONVENTIONAL ENEMY

Alexei Ramm

Izvestia, August 31, 2016, p. 4

In the course of the sudden check of the Armed Forces started on August 25 the Airspace Forces tested work of the unified integrated air defense system (EIS PVO). The system allowed parrying of a conventional massive attack of a conventional enemy in the real time mode uniting all participants of the process from fighters conducting interception and crews of air defense missile systems to the National Defense Management Center into a unified network.

COMMAND OF THE AIRSPACE FORCES AND NATIONAL DEFENSE MANAGEMENT CENTER PROTECTED THE CAUCASUS AND CRIMEA FROM STRIKE OF A CONVENTIONAL ENEMY

In the course of the sudden check of the Armed Forces started on August 25 the Airspace Forces tested work of the unified integrated air defense system (EIS PVO). The system allowed parrying of a conventional massive attack of a conventional enemy in the real time mode uniting all participants of the process from fighters conducting interception and crews of air defense missile systems to the National Defense Management Center into a unified network.

Representative of the Defense Ministry familiar with the situation reported:

– Only separate elements were used until the current sudden check. Now the entire system was used for the first time during the exercises. In general, the system worked normally. Along with this, there were certain difficulties, for instance, during information transmission. Insignificant drawbacks were also detected in software. But these are not critical problems and they will be eliminated.

For a few hours interceptors, air defense missile systems, radar stations and AWACS airplanes in the Caucasus, Crimea and in Central Russia parried a conventional massive raid of airplanes, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles of the enemy. Along with this, the National Defense Control Center and the Main Command of the Airspace Forces not only received information about everything happening in the air and on the ground in the real time mode but also managed the air battle that was happening on a territory of a few thousands of kilometers.

Interestingly, battalions of air defense missile systems S-300V and Buk of the Ground Forces that were formally not subordinated to the command of the Airspace Forces participated in parrying of the “enemy” attack besides the Airspace Forces. At any rate, this circumstances did not prevent the missile units of the Ground Forces from fulfillment of all tasks set.

Independent military expert Anton Lavrov reported:

– Even the most tense air battle takes just a few minutes now. In order to win, it is necessary not only to see the enemy beforehand but also to understand by which forces and at which objects it will deliver a strike. Radar station, AWACS airplanes, radars of airplanes and air defense systems cannot see the entire situation. If we speak about massive strikes of the enemy from various strategic directions on a territory of thousands of kilometers, it is very difficult to understand its entire plan.

The expert remarks that the newest system enables everyone who participates in an air battle not only to receive the entire information about actions of the enemy in the online mode but also to determine where the enemy delivers a strike and to intercept it on time.

Representative of the Defense Ministry explains that afterwards EIS will be used in all elements of combat training of the Airspace Forces from simple missile firing and interception of targets by fighters to big-scale exercises with use of the entire arsenal of means of the Airspace Forces.

At first glance, the principle of work of a unified integrated system is fairly simple: its every user (fighter, air defense missile system, radar station etc) transmits its coordinates, direction of movement and information about the enemy that it does not see and in response it receives information about location of its own forces and means, about actions and location of aircraft, radars and air defense assets of the enemy even if they are outside of its field of vision.

Commanders of regiments, divisions and brigades receive the entire information about the enemy that operates in their zones of responsibility and near them, which allows making of decision on the best way to parry an air raid and to cover a chosen object. Along with this, pilots in the air and crews of air defense systems on the ground will see only the targets that they need to intercept or those that pose a danger for them.

Editor-in-Chief of Arsenal Otechestva magazine Victor Murakhovsky reported:

– Automated command systems have been developed and adopted in the Armed Forces for fighter aviation, air defense means and units of radio technical troops. The tested unified integrated system is, so to speak, a “mega automated command system” that unites all these systems into one complex. Until recently, fully functioning of EIS was hindered by the problem of absence of a unified format of data exchange and interface among the automated command systems but after establishment of the National Defense Control Center all bureaucratic obstacles were surmounted.

According to the expert, there is not only the “shield” of EIS PVO in the Airspace Forces now but a “sword” is being created too in the form of a unified integrated system for frontline, attack and bomber aviation that delivers strikes on the enemy.

Murakhovsky said:

– Frontline bombers are already connected to the new system and helicopters of army aviation and possibly attack airplanes will be connected afterwards.

 

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